The Messenger of Allāh dengan with his beautiful temperament managed to amaze many people. Not only Arabs, after the Prophet succeeded in resolving the conflict in Medina and raising the name of Islam there, the Apostle became more and more famous internationally. Many people from outside Medina came to visit to meet the Prophet or even just to pray in congregation. Likewise other kingdoms, also helped establish economic cooperation with the Apostle.
With all the achievements of the Apostle in the Islamic world, it is natural that many women want to be life companions. Indeed, in Islam there is no caste term. But when he became the wife of the Prophet, their social status naturally changed. No longer an ordinary woman, but a special woman who has special access to communicate with the Apostle. Also being the mother of believers. Very elegant, isn't it?
But that may not have occurred to Mariyah's mind, Egyptian slaves who were far from Islamic nuances. He was born in Hufn village, Ansina area, Egypt. His parents are followers of Catholicism. As an adult, Mariyah was hired by King Muqauqis with her sister Shirin. Until finally he became a gift sent to the Prophet through Hatib bin Abi Balta'ah.
In the year 6 AH, the Prophet wrote a letter to the rulers of the Middle East to convert to Islam. The letter was sent by a courier named Hatib bin Abi Balta'ah. Arriving in Egypt, Hatib was welcomed with the king of Muqauqis. He actually gave Hatib two female slaves, a gift, and a letter as an expression of apology that he was not willing to embrace Islam. The two slaves were none other than Mariyah and her sister Shirin.
Mariyah did not say much during the trip to Medina. The distance between Medina and Egypt which is far away may also be a separate wound in Mariyah's heart. Hatib apparently understood her anxiety and told a lot about Islam and his envoy, Muhammad. Without taking a long time, departing from the capital of faith from the story of Hatib, Mariyah then embraced Islam.
When they arrived in Medina, the Apostle married Mariyah and gave Shirin to Hassan bin Tsabit. After marriage, the Prophet placed Mariyah in the house of Harithah binti Nu'man for one year. And during that time the Prophet treated Mariyah so special that the other Prophet's wives became jealous, especially Aisha and Hafsah.
How did the Prophet not treat Mariyah specifically, At-Tabari in the book Tarikhul Umam Wal Mulk defines Mariyah is a godly woman. Even more, Ibn Kathir in – Bidaya wa an – Nihaya h called Mariyah a wise woman and philanthropist.
Al-Baladziri relates that Mariyah inherited her mother's beauty so that she had white skin, beautiful appearance, knowledgeable, and curly hair. Moreover, he will also give birth to a son after the death of Khadijah's son.
However, earlier sources such as Ibn Hisham's record in Sirah Ibn Ishaq said that Mariyah was not categorized as a wife, but as a concubine and remained earned the honorary title of Ummul Mu'minin.
This special treatment made the other Prophet's wife jealous. Hafsah caught Prophet and Mariyah together in a room in his house so he waited a long time outside. It is indeed not wrong if the Prophet does such a thing considering the Prophet is Mariyah's legitimate husband. But because he understood the feelings of Hafsah, the Prophet then decided to forbid Mariyah on him.
News of the Mariyah's prohibition against the Prophet turned out to be told Hafsah to Aisha. For this news, came a revelation, “O Prophet, why do you forbid what Allah justifies for you; are you looking for the pleasure of your wives? And Allah is Forgiving, Most Merciful (QS At Tahrim: 1) This verse then continues with the story between Hafsah and Aisyah who are jealous of Mariyah.
With the revelation, Mariyah became increasingly uncomfortable with the wives of other Prophets. This was compounded by the news that Mariyah was carrying the Prophet's son. To avoid a prolonged conflict between Ummul Mu'minin, Mariyah was then moved north to the city of Medina, to an area called Aliya and occasionally the Prophet went to visit him.
In his new home far from the residence of another Prophet's wife, more precisely in Dhul-Hijjah in 629 AD, Mariyah gave birth to a son named Ibrahim. Rasulullah mengaqiqahkan Ibrahim by slaughtering two sheep, shaving Ibrahim's hair, and giving charity to the poor.
With a feeling so happy, the Prophet then introduced Ibrahim to Ayesha while saying “Look, how similar he is with me.” Ayesha then replied jealously “He has no resemblance to you.”
Even in another narration, Aisha said, “God gave him a child, while we were not blessed with any children.” Ayesha was still jealous.
At the age of eighteen, Ibrahim fell ill. Until one night when Abraham experienced the death sacratul, the Prophet said “We cannot help you from the will of Allah, O Ibrahim.” Unconsciously the tears of the Prophet poured out. Of course this news is the news of deep sorrow for the Prophet and Mariyah. The Ibrahim baby was later buried at the cemetery Baqi.
After 5 years of death of his son, Mariyah was shocked by the death of her husband, Muhammad SAW. After that, he was determined to be alone and address his life for God alone. In 637 AD, Mariyah reportedly died and was sanctified by the caliph Umar bin Khattab. His body was buried at the Baqi cemetery with his son.
Reading Resources:   Tārīkh al-Umam wa al-Mulūk .
Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqat al-Kubra
Ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāya wa – N ihāya .
Ibnu Ishaq, translation by A. Guillaume. 1955. The Life of Muhammad . Oxford University Press.
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