There are various freedoms according to Bintu Syathi 'in the interpretation Maqaal fiyl Insaan; Diraasah Qur’aniyyah including freedom in the general sense which is the opposite of slavery, freedom in faith, freedom of thought and opinion, and freedom of will.
The first freedom, namely freedom of servitude is the lowest freedom. Because this freedom is given to someone just because he was born as a human. Then followed by freedom of belief or belief and freedom of thought, both of which are human existential values. While freedom of will is the most complicated element. Yes, because this last freedom is the freedom that lies behind mankind to get the mandate as the vicegerent of Allah on earth.
Regarding freedom of servitude, Syathi 'mainly refers to surah Ali Imran verse 79, “It should not be someone who has been given the book by God and wisdom and prophethood, then call upon mankind: Be you my worshipers and not worshipers of Allah … “
Regarding religious freedom, ” And if your Lord wills, surely all the people of the earth will believe. So, will you force people to become believers? “[19459003(Jonah29)and” There is no compulsion in religion; indeed the right path is clearer than the wrong way! “ (Al-Baqarah: 256).
Freedom of reason and opinion,” And remember when Abraham said: O my Lord, show me how you bring people to life people who have died. Allah says: Do you not believe? Ibrahim replied: Of course I believe, but so that my heart will grow steadily. “ (Al-Baqarah: 260) and, ” Indeed, I have repeated to humans in this Qur'an various parables, and humans are the most disputing creatures. “ (Al-Kahf: 54).
Freedom of will, ” And, a human being does not get anything other than what he has tried. And, various efforts will be shown to him later. Then he will be rewarded with the most perfect reply. And, to your Lord everything will come to an end. “ (An-Najm, 39-42).
In this short article, the verses above are only the earliest ones presented by Syathi 'in every discussion. However, this is more than enough, because even reading the ones that have been as short as this is possible, we are only interested in looking at the title. Because even then we often feel that we have understood the meaning, right?
Finally, Syathi 'emphasizes concisely that we should not take part in the verses of the Qur'an by ignoring some others, because if so then each group of people will only use verses only in favor of the group.
“We must examine all the verses of the Koran which are related to the will (al-iradah), so that we know that the will of God is completely different from the will of the gods. Our will requires free effort and choice. As for compulsion, it only relates to the acceptance of the consequences that actually are in line with what we want and choose – even though we often cannot be objective about it.
The just decision of God in matters related to the certainty of our destiny is always in line with our own choices before it becomes a provision that we cannot avoid. Without this kind of freedom the apostles 'futility is useless, and the human ability is lost to keep his mandate as God's caliph on earth. “
Thus Shathi' closes this discussion of freedom in the last paragraph.
Your wall of prayer is answered.
This Article Was Published On : ISLAMI.CO
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