Farag Fouda is an influential thinker, writer, human rights activist and influential columnist in Egypt. He was born in Danietta near the Niel Delta on August 20, 1945 M. His education journey did not intersect with the world of Islamic studies, but in the world of public education.
This can be seen from several academic degrees, namely by getting a Bachelor's degree in in agriculture, then Master of Science in agriculture and PhD in agricultural economics from Ain Syams University.
In his daily life, Farag Fouda is a politician, social activist, and human rights. Who always voices about freedom of thought, and expression. All his life was also used to reject the formalization of Islamic law and the establishment of the Caliphate carried out by fundamentalist Islamic groups in Egypt at that time.
In 1984, Farag Fouda left the Al-Wafd party, because the party was in coalition with the Muslim Brotherhood in parliamentary elections. At that time, Farag Fouda was opposite Syekh Shalah Abu Ismail who was the father of the leader of the Egyptian Salafi group namely Hazem Abu Ismail.
Farag Fouda's activities in a human rights organization, namely The Egyptian Society for Enlightenment , brought him involved in Islamic political talks, especially about the discourse of the separation of religion and state.
The emergence of Farag Fouda and other Islamic thinkers with a general scientific background, was none other than the effect of the Arab defeat in the six-day war against Israel in 1967. After the war, the symptoms of liberal thinkers who brought the spirit of renewal and secularism began to emerge.
The faction which claims to be a group s always simplifies the factor of defeat due to religious factors. This was a motivation for Farag Fouda to debate Islam and modernity. Fouda gives a new interpretation of Islam, while offering a way of how Muslims should see the past, present and future.
Islamic reform thinkers such as Farag Fouda, in his writings offer criticism of the weaknesses of the perspective of the s, which according to him does not want to dialogue between religion and modernity.
Farag Fouda's critical thoughts can be seen in his works, such as Al-Haqiqah Al-Ghaibah, Qabla al-Suquth, Hiwar Hawla al-Almaniyah and others. In his book Al-Haqiqah Al-Ghaibah Farag Fouda wrote his critical thoughts on the dark history of the Islamic Caliphate, from the days of the companions to the daulah abbasiyah.
The book Al-Haqiqah Al-Ghaibah was called as one of the books, which formed the basis for the murder of Farag Fouda by Islamic fundamentalists, Al-Jama'ah Al-yah . In his books, Farag Fouda criticized many of the political world of Islam in the past. In a way, Farag Fouda is one of the most brave critics of criticizing fundamental Islamic groups.
In criticizing the s, Farag Fouda uses historical facts that have been lost in the brains of the s. He often uses these facts to show the contradictory circumstances of his debating opponents, using a sense of humor that is so sharp.
Critics issued by Farag Fouda, also come from classic books which of course can be accessed and read by Fundamentalists. The longing of the Fundamentalists for the glory of Islam, in the days of the Companions of the Prophet and the Khulafa 'ar-Rashidin was answered with a view that the era was an ordinary age.
Even Farag Fouda considered, in those days there were many shameful trails, because three of the four Khulafa' ar-Rashidin, in fact died of political assassination which took place amid polarization among followers of the Prophet.
Farag Fouda also expressed views which of course triggered the anger of Fundamental Islamic groups, who did not want to read and learn about Islamic history.  This group of s was criticized with the view that in the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties many caliphs were brutal, jerk and barbaric. Farag Fouda revealed the habits of the hedonist caliphs, women and so on, there was even an opinion that the founder of the Abbasid dynasty was a slaughterer, for inviting 90 Umayyad family members to dinner and torturing them before killing him.
Farag Courage Fouda criticized and revealed the dark side of the world of Islamic politics considered by the Islamic fundamentalist clerics as an abuse of Islam. So that in 1992 on June 8, Farag Fouda was shot by two masked people who were sympathizers of the Jama'ah well.
A day before being killed, the Jamaah had stated that Farag Fouda had apostatized, because of his thinking and supporting the existing legal system Egypt rather than applying Islamic law.
Previously, a group of scholars in Egypt had issued a statement that Farag Fouda had blasphemed, was even considered to have left Islam Islam because of his thoughts and writings.
Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali who was a member Al-Azhar's c Research Council which is also one of the scholars affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood. When he became an expert witness in the trial of two murderers Farag Fouda also gave a defense.
Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali stated that it was the government's duty to punish those who were considered apostates from Islam, if the government was unable to do so, others had the right to do it.
When one of Farag Fouda's killers was asked the reason for the murder, the killer answered because of his books. When asked for a book that was considered problematic, he replied, “I don't know how to read.”
The killers of Farag Fouda were victims of the doctrine of radical groups who did not know anything about Islam manipulated by the promise of heaven with bidadarinya.
This Article Was Published On : ISLAMI.CO
Translated by Google Translate