After the Karya Party, which had the mission to “continue the HM Soeharto program”, escaped being an election participant, Tommy Suharto visited FPI High Priest Habib Rizieq Shihab (HRS) in Mecca. It was reported that the HRS congratulated Tommy, supported the Karya Party to participate in the “Nationality Coalition” (now called the “Fair Prosperous Coalition”), and called it a “nationalist-Pancasila” party.
Question: did HRS forget the understanding it held all this time about Pancasila and its attitude towards the New Order (Orba)?
HRS is not a layman of Pancasila. His master's thesis at Universiti Malaya in 2012 was titled The Effect of Pancasila on the Application of Islamic Sharia in Indonesia . Reading the writings of HRS, I found his views quite consistent regarding the application of Pancasila in the New Order era; that the Pancasila in the New Order era was used as a tool for oppressing Muslims.
For example, in the book “Nationality Insight: Towards a Shariah NKRI” (2012) pages 8-9, HRS wrote this (I quote a lot, because the description is interesting):  “In 1980, Pancasila was used as the Sole Principle in community life in Indonesia. This has triggered the Tanjung Priok (1984) and Lampung (1985) events. The Single Principles of Pancasila have also resulted in many Islamic leaders being thrown into prison, including: KH Mawardi Noor, KH Abdul Qadir Jailani, KH Abu Bakar Ba'asyir, Hb Hussein al-Habasha, Hb Idrus Jamalulail, AM Fatwa, and others. Even the Father of Integration who has contributed to the formation of the NKRI, namely M. Natsir, has been deprived of his citizenship rights. Including Syafruddin Prawiranegara, former Prime Minister of the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia who had contributed to saving Indonesian government when the nation's leaders were arrested by the Dutch, and did not escape being victims of the Single Principles of Pancasila. “
” The New Order has put the Pancasila in its place. Every rebellion with any motive is always referred to as the undermining of Pancasila, and every effort to eradicate rebellion is always referred to as the Pancasila Sakti … “
” Not until that, everything in social life and nationhood in Indonesia in the Orba era is always linked -relating with Pancasila, such as the Pancasila Cabinet, Pancasila Development, Pancasila Economy, Pancasila Officials, and the Pancasila Amal Bakti Mosque. Uniquely, PSSI when commanded by Bardosono introduced Pancasila Football, even though it was named Wiel Coever from the Netherlands. “
” In the New Order era, Pancasila was confronted with the Islamic religion. A number of Regional Regulations were canceled by the Central Government because they were judged to be nuanced by Islamic Shari'a, as Amir Mahmud had once admitted by the Minister of Home Affairs of the New Order. This is the New Order's betrayal of the Pancasila Presidential Decree of 5 July 1959 with the soul of the Jakarta Charter which is based on Islamic Shari'a. “
The FPI alliance with the Working Party can thus be read with various possibilities. Perhaps (1) HRS forgets its harsh criticism of how the New Order treated Pancasila. Or perhaps (2) in this problem HRS had “1945 q3” qaul qadim “ (the Order used Pancasila to oppress Muslims) and” qaul jadid “ (The Working Party was a nationalist-Pancasilaist party), and the qaul jadid menasakh qaul qadim . Or perhaps (3) what happened was that a pragmatic alliance took advantage of each other: FPI accommodated as many parties as possible in its election support to increase its political bargaining value, and Berkarya embraced the FPI to increase its acceptability in taking part in a niche among Muslims.
Later , Working to facilitate the FPI to hold the Prophet Muhammad's Birthday event at the At-Tin Mosque. In his remarks at this event, Tommy campaigned for what he called “people's economy”, whose practical understanding was more or less reducing foreign interference in the economy.
“It is very worrying if foreigners participate in the distribution of retail stores in Indonesia. This means that a majority Muslim community will depend on minorities, “said Tommy, who at that time might not remember that his father was the one who gave way to Chinese ethnic conglomerates to dominate the country's economy.
Purpose of Justifying the Way
Looking at its history, FPI has often formed alliances to support certain figures that may not be in line with FPI's idealism or have a track record that is contrary to the aspirations fought for by FPI.
The FPI Alliance with Work is one example. While the Campaign for Work was thick with the nuances of luring prospective voters with nostalgia for the New Order era, in the early days after its establishment in 1998 the FPI had issued a “Statement of the Claims of the New Order” (dated 12 November 2018).
In the 2009 elections, FPI expressed his support for the pair Jusuf Kalla (Golkar) -Wiranto (Hanura), on the grounds of their commitment to guard the religion from blasphemy and heresy (at that time a hot issue was about Ahmadiyah). Four years later, FPI was disappointed and condemned Wiranto because Hanura's general chairman supported Miss World in 2013. Four years later, when HRS was hit by many cases (ranging from blasphemy, insulting state symbols, to pornography), HRS stayed in touch with Menkopolhukam official office Wiranto and said, What was delivered by Mr. Haji Wiranto was extraordinary and that was the result of our hospitality. It is true that he said that we had been friends for a long time. “
In the 2009 election, FPI did not support Prabowo, who at that time was the vice president of Megawati. For information, in 2001 FPI was among those who campaigned for the illegitimate president of the woman (referring to Megawati, who replaced Gus Dur). Nevertheless, Megawati's representative, Hamzah Haz, was often invited to the FPI program and even gave an introduction to the book by HRS, FPI, Amar Ma'ruf Nahi Munkar: Answering Various Allegations against the National Anti-Islamic Movement in Indonesia (2004).
If you want to be simplified, the pattern of FPI's support for certain political parties or figures is focused on who accommodates FPI's aspirations, regardless of whether they are pious or Islam or not.
FPI may even have theological justification of this kind of attitude. I suspect that justification is similar to acceptance — or at least not objection — FPI with the presence of (ex) thugs who joined in the ranks of FPI's Islamic Defenders Army. Justifying this, the Book FPI, Amar Ma'ruf Nahi Munkar (page 204) quotes the hadith that reads, Innallah sayu'ayyidu hadzaddin bir-rajul al-fajir (“Allah strengthens religion this is with someone who has a lot of sin “- narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari). In another version of the hadith: “Allah will strengthen this religion with those who have no morality” ( biaqwamin la khalaqa lahum – narrated in Musnad Ahmad).
So, with that logic, what FPI is aiming at is the appearance of figures or certain parties in supporting the glory of Islam (in FPI's interpretation) symbolically. This is an attitude that must indeed be accompanied by preparations to be disappointed: at a time that might be advantageous, FPI could be used as an electoral vehicle, to be abandoned when secular figures who supported it later opposed the teachings of FPI.
Political behavior This FPI echoes the adagium which is often called Machiavelian, namely that the goal can justify the method ( the end justifies the means ). In a rather crude language, it may be the logic underlying FPI's current political attitude “the important thing is the champion wins first, the consequences after that are thought later.”
This Article Was Published On : ISLAMI.CO
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