This affirmation of God in the Qur'an of Al-Isra 'surah (QS. 17: 70) has been very bright. Yes, God has glorified Adam's descendants as well as possible creation; well-built, able to speak, and knowledgeable. Allah has made man as ruler of land and sea, giving him an incomparable gift and giving priority to other creatures.
But because as we have already understood together, one of the rules of exegesis says that the Qur'an ] ba'dluhu yufassiru ba'dlaa (some of the verses interpret the verses in other parts). So that we human beings do not rush to arrogant, and as if they have gained privilege to exploit natural resources — even being arrogant towards fellow humans because they feel superior to others — because of the verses above or other verses that we consider appropriate, it seems that the following verse is very appropriate for us to juxtapose.
“And remember when your Lord said unto the Angels: I will make the caliph on earth. Where are the angels asking: Are you going to make a creature that will damage and shed blood there, while we always praise You and purify Your name? God also answered: Indeed, I know more about what you do not know. “ (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:30). Also another verse, “Indeed, We have created man in the best form. Then We returned him to the lowest place … “ (Surah At-Tiyn 95: 4-5).
Suryomentaraman interpretation of the human caliphate
Ki Ageng Suryomentaram was one of the original philosophers of the archipelago who was very sharp. His criticism of religious and godly practices lived only to the extent that gugon tuhon [accepting without any effort] is very hard and rational. So hard, that people who disagree consider him atheist and godless.
In his lecture which was broadcast live on Solosche Zender Radio (SRV) in 1935 for example, Ki Ageng preached about servitude to the Almighty comprehensively. According to him, servant of the Almighty includes three things that are very principal, namely who is slave, what is actually servant, and how to worship the right one.
The lecture was opened with the explanation that humans often intend and feel that they have servitude to the Almighty. The practice of servitude is usually motivated by the various teachings that it gets. The various teachings about servitude vary. One of them is the doctrine of slavery by using an analogy that every house has its maker, because it is the earth and the sky and its contents, there must also be a maker, the Almighty. The creator of the universe is called the Almighty because He is described as having the power to create anything that humans cannot make. The Almighty in this teaching is described as giving life.
The eyes, nose, and hands and feet of every human being are gifts from the Almighty. Fortune, wife or husband, until children are also described as His gift. Likewise, rain, wind, until the sun is described as such. Where all of them are gifts from the Almighty. Therefore, it is proper for everyone to thank Him with servitude.
But thanking you for the servitude of servitude to the Almighty, it cannot always be done with all your heart. Yes, when people are sick or hit by misfortune, it will be hard to keep thanking Him. Isn't the suffering of pain or misfortune also a gift from the Almighty?
When such confusion occurs, people are then given an explanation, “The Almighty will give a better reward, which is a paradise that can be enjoyed after death. If one is serious in his servitude, then after death he will receive eternal pleasure. “
In this explanation, the impulse in servitude to the Almighty has shifted. If it was originally intended to thank you, now to obtain glory after death. That is, servitude has been intended as a bribe.
Thus, the person who is truly a slave is someone who needs it. That is, you need to thank you for feeling like you have received a gift, and need to make a bribe to avoid things that you don't want. Even what is being slaved is only his own desires, because his servitude is only an attempt to thank or give a bribe.
Now, what is the true behavior of servitude? According to Ki Ageng, the right practice of servitude is when the servant is fully aware that he is all in need and very weak before the Almighty. It is okay to thank Him and even absolute, but the form of expression of his gratitude is to maximize the shortcomings that exist in him, so that from time to time always be thankful and not even the slightest intention to do bribery to the Almighty.
So, when human helplessness is addressed as a natural nature that cannot be rejected or avoided, in fact the practice of worship is appropriate because by itself it has become empowered in its helplessness.
What is the essence of empowerment? The essence of empowerment is a sense of needlessness of what and whoever is in need of the Almighty, because the Almighty is actually more than enough in sufficiency.
Thus, when people have understood that what makes them helpless is due to a sense of need from within himself, and that understanding made him realize that he no longer needed to be empowered and no longer needed anything, so at that point he was empowered. And once he feels his empowerment in a real way, then he can always be grateful for his helplessness sincerely.
That is true servitude and certainly can reassure according to Ki Ageng Suryomentaram that I understand. And, the output of true servitude is the realization that there is no happiness without making others happy. Whoever is happy, but at the same time he does not make other people happy, meaning he is wearing a rope which he uses to trap his own neck. Wallaahu a'lam bishshawwab. 
This Article Was Published On : ISLAMI.CO
Translated by Google Translate