Today Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) entered the age of 93. NU was born in 1926 ago has made a considerable contribution to diversity and nationality for this country. Together with Muhamamadiyah, NU has always consistently maintained social stability in religious matters.
NU has had a long experience in Indonesia. Becoming one of the large organizations in Indonesia, even the world, is a challenge and hope for NU. At an age that can be considered old, NU should be an example for other mass organizations. The consistency of NU in guarding moderation in the arena of Indonesian Islam should be a good example for other groups.
Certainly in this old age, NU had a far greater challenge than before. This challenge must be managed properly to maintain consistency of moderation.
The first challenge is related to NU's efforts to maintain its position as a moderate mass organization, secondly NU's efforts to maintain neutrality in politics.
The first challenge is how NU maintains legitimacy and its position as a moderate mass organization when dealing with radical mass organizations. Although NU has been established with tradition, it has not escaped group attacks which consider bid'ah, or other negative assumptions.
To maintain the legitimacy and position of NU as a moderate mass organization in Indonesia can be done with two strategies. First, the conversion strategy. This strategy involves an exchange of capital owned by NU.
The capital that has been owned by NU includes; symbolic capital in the form of being recognized as a moderate mass organization; social capital in the form of a relationship with a ruler who is so harmonious; cultural capital in the form of classical Islamic education which to this day still exists, namely Islamic boarding schools.
Of these three capital can be exchanged with one another to maintain the legitimacy and position that has been achieved. Even with this strategy, NU can widen its wings while maintaining consistency. The more capital accumulated, the greater the chance for NU to maintain and widen its influence as a moderate mass organization in Indonesia.
Furthermore reproduction strategies. This strategy is done by rotating the collective memory of each member. The collective memory in question is related to the problem of NU's struggle in seizing independence, maintaining independence, and maintaining the image of moderate Islam in Indonesia.
These discourses were then reproduced to remind all members or people outside NU that NU was able to walk consistently in the path of moderate Islam.
However, the difficult thing is to answer the second problem related to NU's neutrality in politics. Long before Indonesia entered the reform era, Gus Dur and Kiai Achmad Shiddiq had returned NU to a cultural path. NU no longer actively participates in politics. This has become a new spirit for NU people to move to a wider path.
But what seems to be seen at this time is the ambivalence in NU's own body. NU is aware that it is not a political party, but NU is unconsciously today that NU has been involved in politics. This became a kind of criticism for NU itself whether the path that Gus Dur and his friends sought at that time would disappear slowly.
This criticism was also to improve the image of NU as a religious institution not a political party. This means that NU's neutrality is needed to maintain the legitimacy and position it has achieved. Do not let this ambivalent action be used by radical groups so as to cause obscurity of meaning between radical vs. moderate.
In this 93 year, NU certainly had a long experience. All of these experiences are important to be learned so that deficiencies in previous years can be improved, and the more consistent NU is in the moderate path, Indonesia will also be stronger.
Happy birthday Nahdlatu Ulama 93.
This Article Was Published On : ISLAMI.CO
Translated by Google Translate