It has been alluded to in the previous article that the Aqsa Mosque founded by the prophet Solomon was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. Then Uzair with the help of the Persian king named Bahman built the Aqsa Mosque again but the building was not as grand as the building designed by Prophet Sulaiman. However, in the time of Herodus, the Great King of the Jews, once the Jews called it, the Aqsa Mosque was rebuilt very magnificently before the birth of Jesus Christ.
The second Aqsa Mosque in the next development was destroyed by Titus of Rome. This second complete destruction occurred in AD 70.
Perhaps what can be added from Ibn Khaldun's attachment in the previous article is the fact that the Jewish remains in Bait al-Maqdis and the former Aqsa Mosque were completely eliminated. This was done by making the former Aqsa Mosque as their idol worship center. At this time the Romans, before later embracing Christianity, adhered to the Mitraistic belief.
Above the former Aqsa Mosque was built a statue of Dewi Aelia, a Roman idol. Whereas the name Jerusalem or Bait al-Maqdis was changed to Aelia Kapitolina or Aelia only. In the Arabic historical literature, Aelia is known as the Iliyya. This name was later listed in the text of the security agreement made by Umar bin al-Khattab for the inhabitants of Bait al-Maqdis.
Ibn Khaldun explained that after adopting a pagan religion, the Romans embraced Christianity but not yet total. Christianity was totally embraced by the Romans when Constantine became its king. The following quote is at least reinforce this reality:
ثم أخذ الروم بدين النصارى تارة وتركه تارة أخرى إلى أن جاء قسطنطين وتنصرت أمه هيلانة وارتحلت إلى القدس في طلب الخشبة التى صلب عليها المسيح بزعمهم فأخبرها القساوسة بأن رمي بخشبته على الأرض وألقى عليها القاذورات والقمامات  “Then the Romans embraced Christianity and they began to glorify Jesus. The Roman rulers went back and forth to embrace the religion of the Messiah, until the time of Constantine arrived, whose mother, Helena, had embraced Christianity. Helena went to Jerusalem to find the wood used for the crucifixion of the Messiah in the Christian view. the priests told him that the cross had been thrown into a land full of trash and dirt. “
When the cross was found, Helena built the Church on it. Ibn Khaldun clarify this:
فاستخرجت الخشبة وبنت مكان تلك القمامات كنيسة القمامة, كأنها على قبره بزعمهم وخربت ما وجدت من عمارة البيت وأمرت بطرح الزبل والقمامات على الصخرة حتى غطاهها وخفي مكانها جزاء بزعمها لما فعلوه بقبر المسيح …
“Helena discovered the cross and in the place of the dirt he founded the Church of Poop (Kanisat al-Qumamah, said to be the name of a mockery of the canisate al-Qiyamah). The church is considered by Christians to be standing on the tomb of Jesus Christ. Helena destroyed the remnants of a portion of the Aqsa Mosque which still stands. Then he ordered that dirt and rubbish be thrown over the Holy Coral until it was completely covered by garbage and the dirt and the location of the Holy Coral became hidden. Helena considered this a reward worthy of the Jews for their actions against the grave of the Messiah … “
This quote from the historical description proposed by Ibn Khaldun clarifies the history of the al-Aqsa Mosque from time to time. Some points are explained in more detail by Ibn Khaldun, especially the construction of the Doomsday Church or the Church of the Resurrection by Helena. Called the Church of the Resurrection because according to the beliefs of Christians the Church itself stood on the tomb of Jesus Christ after he was crucified. From this grave by Christians it is believed that Jesus Christ will be resurrected. The construction of the Doomsday Church or Qumamah Church took place in 328 AD.
Not only that, Helena ordered to dispose of all kinds of dirt and rubbish on the Holy Coral (shakhrah), the qiblah of the Jews, as an insult to them.
the condition of Bait al-Maqdis at that time. When Islam expanded its expansion into the land of Aelia or Bait al-Maqdis, Umar bin al-Khattab found the condition of Karang Suci full of dirt and garbage and built a mosque there. We will clarify this information in a later article about the history of Bait al-Maqdis in the time of Umar bin al-Khattab.
This Article Was Published On : ISLAMI.CO
Translated by Google Translate