Ibn Qutaybah (276 H / 889 AD) and several scholars argued that the name “ Muhammad” was a name that had never been used before our Prophet was born. Is that true?
Some scholars denied this. Sa‘id bin al-Musayyab (94 H / 715 AD) said, “When the Arabs heard from the People of the Book and the fortunetellers that there would be a Prophet sent to the Arabs named Muhammad, they named their son Muhammad. Hope their child will be the Prophet. “
Sa‘id bin al-Musayyab mentioned the name of Muhammad bin Khuza‘i who had visited Abraha in Yemen. During the visit, his younger brother named Qays bin Khuza'i sang a verse of poetry before Abraha and his followers, “This is before you our crown owner (leader), Muhammad …”
There is also the name Muhammad bin Sufyan bin Mujasyi 'from Bani Tamim. His father gave the name Muhammad with the same hope, as told by Sa'id bin al-Musayyab, namely hoping that his son would become a Prophet for the Arabs.
There was another name for Muhammad al-Jasyami from Banu Suwa'ah, Muhammad al-Fuqaymi , and Muhammad al-Usaydi.
Besides the five names of Muhammad above, al-Baladzuri (279 H / 892 AD) mentions 11 names of Muhammad. Five were born before the Prophet Muhammad, namely Muhammad bin al-Hirmaz bin Tamim, Muhammad bin Birr bin Kinanah, Muhammad as-Syuway'ir bin Humran al-Ju'fi, Muhammad bin 'Uqbah al-Awsi, and Muhammad bin Maslamah al- Ansari.
The remaining six people named Muhammad were in the apostolic era of the Prophet Muhammad, namely Muhammad bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib, Muhammad bin Thalhah bin 'Ubaydillah, Muhammad bin Hathib, Muhammad bin Abi Bakar as-Shiddiq, Muhammad bin Abi Hudzaifah , and Muhammad bin 'Amr al-Khazraji.
Then, what is the meaning of Muhammad? Muhammad comes from the root word ḥ-m-d ( ḥamd ) which means praise. The word Muhammad follows the wufan mufa'al of the words ḥammada-yuḥammidu-ḥammid-taḥmīdan-muḥammid- muḥammad ( tasrifan [style] Krapyak [spellingwordsfromverbfirstthennoun; fi'l madhi-mudari'-amr-isim masdar-isim fa'il-isim maf'ul ]) .
The word Muhammad thus means people who are continually praised or highly praised. The meaning of this word is in accordance with the expectations of the giver of the name, Abdul Muthalib (grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad). At that time someone asked ‘Abdul Muthalib,” Why did you name your grandson by that name? That is not the name of your ancestor's name. “Abdul Muttalib replied,” I hope he will be praised in heaven and on earth. “
Someone will be praised or constantly praised because he always thinks, acts, and speaks good and true without coercion and conscious action.
When someone is doing good and right but because he is forced to do it, or is done unconsciously, he is not worthy of praise. All of the behavior of the Prophet Muhammad, both his thoughts, speech and actions were carried out well, correctly, not by necessity, and carried out consciously. Thus the Prophet Muhammad deserves to be praised.
So what is really the most important of the Prophet Muhammad who deserves respect and praise? It is moral.
The first respect and praise comes from the Creator, Allah SWT, “And verily you (Muhammad) really are in great morality.” His morals are not only beautiful, even great in the sight of Allah. This is presumably one of the mission of the Prophet Muhammad, namely to perfect noble character, “Indeed I was sent only to perfect noble character.”
Second, four times Allah mentions the name Muhammad in the Koran, and not even that name referred to except accompanied by the word “apostle,” “prophet” or “ al-qaq .”
Notice the letter Ali Imran / 3: 144, “and Muhammad is nothing but an apostle … “Surat al-Ahzab / 33: 40,” Muhammad that is never the father of a man among you but he is the Messenger of Allah ] and the closing of the prophets. “Letter Muhammad / 47: 2,” And those who believe and do good works and believe in what was revealed to Muhammad and that is what rights from their Rabb … “and surat al-Fath / 48: 29,” Muhamm ad is the Messenger of Allah … “
Third, not even though Allah SWT called the Prophet Muhammad by name, namely” O Muhammad, “as Allah calls other prophets by his name, namely,” O Adam (Al-Baqarah / 2: 33), “” O Noah (Hud / 11: 32), “” O Ibrahim (Hud / 11: 76), “O Moses (Al-A'raf / 7: 144), “” Isa (Ali Imran / 3: 55). “
Allah always greets the Prophet Muhammad as” O the Prophet (19459006) yā ayyuhannabi ) “or” O the Apostle ( ayyuharrasul . “Thirteen times the Prophet Muhammad was called with the phrase ayyuhannabi and twice with the sentence ayyuharrasul.
How to name and call the name of the Prophet Muhammad SAW This SWT was imitated by a friend of the Prophet. There is not one friend of the prophet who calls or calls his name. For example, “ Muhammad  (hi Muhammad).”
The Companions call it when telling stories, with the phrase “Rasulullah,” and call it a sentence, “O Messenger of Allah.” This is what some scholars say “sayyidina” “While in prayer,” Allahumma shalli 'ala sayyidina Muhammad wa-'ala ali sayyidina Muhammad . “
Finally, as Allah has pointed out, let's say Prophet Muhammad SAW is not only his name (Muhammad), but by Sayyidina Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, Our Lord, Your Majesty, etc.
However, what is more important than the designation and call is imitating the noble character of the Prophet, by thinking, acting and speaking words reflecting gentleness and sincerity, as well as nobleness of character.
Also by loving humans, upholding human values, being honest, not vice versa, tarnishing and tarnishing w invite the Prophet with actions contrary to the Prophet's ideals, namely perfecting noble character. Shallu ‘Alan Nabi.
This Article Was Published On : ISLAMI.CO
Translated by Google Translate